Enlarged 15x life-size, 5-parts
The narrow, sharp and parallel-running leaves are typical of
monocotyledonous grasses. Flowers of most grasses are adapted for wind
pollination. The spike is made of 2 or 3 flowered ears. The ears are
covered by two glumellata, while the flowers are covered by stiff
protective hairs called awnes. In some species like barley, the awns can
contribute significantly to photosynthesis. There are three stamina and
a pistil with a large surface area. As the flower matures the stamina
protrude from the center glumella and prostrate. The individual ears can
be separated for a detailed view of the immature stamen and pistil.
Global wheat production for 2008-09 is projected at a record 656 million
tons, up 8 percent from 2007-08, making it a very important plant to
study for global food consumption.
Rye (Secale cereale) and Barley (Hordeum vulgare) both have similar flowers.