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  Home > Shop Physics >

Critical Point Apparatus
Critical Point Apparatus




 
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Retail Price $6,400.00


Product Code: 3B-U104001
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Description
Accessories/Replacements
 

A high-precision device for studying the compression and liquefaction of a gas, determining the critical point and recording isotherms in p-V (Clapeyron) diagrams. The test gas is sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which has a critical temperature of 318.6 K (45.5░C) and a critical pressure of 3.76 MPa (37.6 bars), allowing for a simple experiment set-up.

The apparatus includes a transparent measuring cell that is highly resistant to leakage and compression. The volume inside the cell is changed via a finely adjustable hand-wheel, the change being indicated by a combination of a fixed and a rotary scale to an accuracy of 1/1000 of the maximum volume. The pressure is generated by a hydraulic system containing castor oil of medically approved quality. The measuring cell and hydraulic system are separated by a cap seal which rolls in as the volume increases. This design means the pressure gradient between the measuring cell and oil chamber is negligible. A manometer measures gas pressure instead of oil pressure without taking up any dead space inside the measuring cell. During transitions from the gaseous to the liquid phases and vice versa, it is therefore possible to observe the formation of the first drops of liquid and disappearance of the last gas bubbles.

The measuring cell is enclosed in a transparent water chamber. A circulation thermostat allows the temperature to be maintained at a highly constant value, which can be monitored by means of a thermometer.
Practical indications of the volume, pressure and temperature permit easy recording of p-V or pV-p diagrams providing qualitatively correct results. Pressure and temperature-dependent volumetric corrections also provide quantitatively accurate results comparing favorably with standard reference values.

Qualitative Observations:

  • Liquid and gaseous states
  • Dynamic compression and expansion
  • Critical opalescence
  • Formation of the transition point at various temperatures
Quantitative Measurements:
  • Display of the critical point and temperature
  • Recording of isotherms in p-V (Clapeyron) diagrams
  • Recording of isotherms in pV-p (Amegat) diagrams
  • Pressure curves for a saturated vapor
  • Differences between real gases and ideal gases
Specifications:
  • Critical temperature: 318.6 K (45.5░C)
  • Critical pressure: 3.76 MPa (37.6 bars)
  • Critical volume: 197.4 cm3/mol
  • Critical density: 0.74 g/mol
  • Temperature range: 10 - 60░C
  • Maximum pressure: 6.0 MPa (60 bars)
  • Maximum volume: 15.7 cm3
  • Manometer diameter: 160 mm
  • Bore for temperature sensor: 6 mm dia.
  • Temperature control connections: 7 mm dia.
  • Reducing valve connection: 1/8" dia.
  • Standard gas connection: 3.5 mm dia.
  • Dimensions: 380x200x400 mm│ approx.
  • Weight: 7 kg approx.
Important Note:
In accordance with good laboratory practice, it is advisable to obtain gas via a fixed pipeline if the critical point apparatus is used frequently. In case of occasional usage, it is more expedient to obtain the test gas from MINICAN« canisters. A MINICAN« gas connection is designed similarly to the valve on a common spray can, i.e. it is opened simply by fitting the MINICAN« on the gas connection nozzle.

Package Contents:
  • 1 Critical point device filled with hydraulic (castor) oil but without test gas (SF6). Includes built in safeguarded connection nozzle for MINICAN« gas canisters
  • 1 Oil filling device
  • 1 Angled 1.3-mm hexagonal spanner (for grub screw on rotary scale)
  • 1 Plastic hose, 3 mm internal diameter
  • 1 1/8" pipe screw connection (SW 11)
  • 1 Grease gun

Replacements:

U10401  Castor Oil

U10402  Set of Seals



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